Palace of Europe

The Palace of Europe ( French : Palais de l’Europe ) is a building Located in Strasbourg , France , HAS That served as the seat of the Council of Europe since 1977 When It REPLACED the ‘House of Europe’. Between 1977 and 1999 it was also the Strasbourg seat of the European Parliament .

Background and history

The first assemblies of the Council of Europe used to take place in the stately, 1880s main building of Strasbourg University , the Kaiser-Wilhelms-Universität form . Between 1950 and 1977 They eu lieu provisory in a concrete building of Purely functional architecture, the House of Europe ( Europe House ), [1] [2] That Stood Where There is now the lawn leading up to the Palace of Europe. [3] [4] The architect of this building was Bertrand Monnet. [5]

The first stone of the Palace of Europe was laid on 15 May 1972 by the Swiss politician Pierre Graber . The building, designed by Henry Bernard architect , was inaugurated on 28 January 1977. [6] It was built on the site of a tennis court that had been inaugurated in the 1930s and also used to serve as an ice rink in winter. [7]

Design

The Palace of Europe is square in shape, 106 meters on each side, with a height of 38 meters (nine stories). Its total working area is 64,000 square meters. It has 17 meeting rooms and a thousand offices for the staff of the Council of Europe secretariat. The exterior of the building is red, silver, and brown. The Palace of Europe is located in the European District of Strasbourg, about two kilometers northeast of the Big Island .

From the outside, the Palace of Europe resembles a fortress , since the rows of windows are arranged like arrow slits . The Parliament Chamber is covered by a giant dome and resembles an enormous shell.

Occupants

The Committee of Ministers , normally represented by the Ministers Deputies , meets in a circular room projecting from a corner of the eastern wing of the building. The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe uses the debating chamber in the center of the building, called the Hemicycle , famous for its unusual architecture. The Congress of the Council of Europe also holds its plenary sessions in the hemicycle . The Palace of Europe also accommodates the part of the Council of Europe Secretariat, including the Private Office of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe .

Until 1999, the European Parliament (an institution of the European Union , which is separate from the Council of Europe). The European Parliament now has its own building, Louise Weiss Building , across the Ill River .

See also

  • European Court of Human Rights Building

References

  1. Jump up^ “House of Europe (Strasbourg, 1950-1977)” . CVCE.eu . Retrieved 2013-04-19 .
  2. Jump up^ “Inside the hemicycle of the House of Europe” . CVCE.eu. 1998-11-16 . Retrieved 2013-04-19 .
  3. Jump up^ “House of Europe and Palace of Europe in 1976” . CVCE.eu. 2004-09-17 . Retrieved 2013-04-19 .
  4. Jump up^ “Aerial view of the Palace of Europe (Strasbourg)” . CVCE.eu. 1998-11-17 . Retrieved 2013-04-19 .
  5. Jump up^ “House of Europe” (in French). Archi-strasbourg.org.
  6. Jump up^ The ArchivedPalaceAugust 14, 2007, at theWayback Machine.
  7. Jump up^ Palace of the Council of Europe, archi-strasbourg.org(in French)

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