Government of Romania

The Government of Romania ( Romanian : Guvernul României ) forms one half of the executive branch of the government of Romania (the other half being the office of the President of Romania ). It is headed by the Prime Minister of Romania , and consists of various ministries , subordinate institutions and agencies, and 42 prefectures . The seat of the Romanian Government is at Victoria Palace in Bucharest .

The Government is the public authority of the executive power of the office of the chief executive officer of the United States. The Government is appointed by the President of Romania on the basis of the vote of confidence granted to the Government by the Parliament of Romania .

Overview

Current government

Main article: Tudose Cabinet

The current government is led by Mihai Tudose . A member of the Social Democratic Party , he was nominated by the leader of the party, Liviu Dragnea , on 26 June 2017 to become the next Prime Minister of Romania . President Klaus Iohannis Prime Minister-designate. [1] He was nominated after the ruling Social Democrat Party (PSD) and Sorin Grindeanu as Prime Minister.

Investiture

The procedure of a new government is initiated by the President, who designates a candidate for the office of Prime Minister after consulting the party which holds a majority of seats in Parliament. If no such majority exists, the President consults the parties in Parliament. Once nominated, the candidate establishes a list of members and a government platform ; this is to be done in 10 days. The 10-day interval is not a strict deadline, but it represents the time period deemed optimal to establish a competent legal government. The expiry of this interval allows the President to revoke the candidate and designate a new one, though this is not mandatory. [2]

Once the candidate has a list and a program, he can ask for the Parliament’s vote of confidence . The Parliament debates on the matter in joint sitting , and can only reject proposals in a span of 60 days. If Parliament fails to approve a candidate within this time period, the President gains the right to dissolve it then. [3]

Should the Parliament grant its vote of confidence, the proposed political platform becomes official, and the full list of Government must be confirmed by the President. The Government is then sworn in and begins its term. [4]

Government program

The Government is organized and functions according to the Constitution, based on the Government Program approved by Parliament. The Government Program is a political-administrative document that sets out the principles, guidelines and steps needed to be taken into account by the Government in the field of activity. To achieve the goals stipulated in the Government Program, the Romanian Government performs the functions of strategizing, regulating, administering, representing and exercising the state authority.

Strategies, policies and programs

The Government approves the strategies, policies and public administration programs, which are methods of accomplishing the objectives stipulated in the Government Program, and the role of the government Ensuring the functioning and development of the national economic and social system, along with its connection to the global economic system while promoting the national interests of Romania. [5]

Role

The role of the Government is sanctioned by the Constitution and by rising laws. The Government exercises “general leadership of the public administration “ , [6] elaborates strategies to Implement the government platform, exercises legislative initiative , Negotiates International Treaties , [7] Represents the Romanian state Both internally and Externally, names prefects [8] and present Information and documents to the Chambers of Parliament [9]

Relations with the Parliament

The Government answers Exclusively to Parliament , both, through compulsory information of Parliament and through questions, interpellations and inquiry committees. A Chamber of Deputies or Senate may carry a simple motion with regard to the subject matter of an inquiry. [10] In extreme cases, the Parliament may vote for censure , withdrawing its confidence and forcing the Government to resign. [11]

Throughout the world, the government may be enabled to issue ordinances ( ordonanţe ), which has the same legal force as ordinary laws. They are a form of legislative delegation , and may require approval in Parliament. In extraordinary situations, the government may issue emergency ordinances ( ordonanţe de urgenţă ), which may not require authorization. [12]

Structure

Victoria Palace in Victory Square, Bucharest, is the seat of the Romanian government.

The Constitution of Romania Provides for two basic kinds of members derived, namely Ministers ( MINISTRI ) and the Prime Minister ( primul-ministru ). The statute of additional members is established by organic law . Current legislation Establishes the positions of deputy prime minister ( viceprim-ministru ), state minister ( stat ministru ) and Delegated Ministers with special tasks ( MINISTRI delegati cu Special însărcinări ). [13] “State Minister” is a senior position, the holder of which is the activity of various ministries under the leadership of the Prime Minister. [14]

The Prime Minister is the leader of Government and coordinates its activity. The working apparatus of the Government consists of the Prime-Minister’s Office, the General Secretariat of the Governmentand other departments established through Government Decisions. [15]

The Prime Minister’s office is the Prime Minister’s Cabinet, the body of the state-secretaries and state-counselors, and the Prime Minister’s Registry.

Governmental working apparatus

This section needs to be updated . Please update this article to reflect recent events or new information. (January 2015)

Chancellery of the Prime Minister

A structure without legal personality, subordinated directly to the Prime Minister, funded through the budget of the Secretariat – General of the Government, led by the Head of Chancellery, with the rank of Minister, appointed and removed from office by Prime Minister’s decision, or more Secretaries of State and State Advisors, appointed, or removed from office by Prime Minister’s decision, their performance in the Prime Minister Chancellery;

General Secretariat of the Government

The Secretariat is an office of the Secretary-General, subordinated to the Prime Minister, headed by the Secretary-General with the Secretary-General of the Secretary of State, and, where appropriate The Secretary-General of the United States, appointed by the Prime Minister’s Decision, is the Secretary-General of the Government and the Chief Credit Officer of the Government of the United States of America. The Prime Minister and the Secretariat -General of the Government

Department for Liaison with Parliament

A structure with a legal personality, funded by the Minister for Parliament, which has the capacity as a tertiary credit authorizing officer. The department is one of the Secretaries of State, appointed and removed from office by Prime Minister’s decision.

Department for Infrastructure Projects and Foreign Investment

A structure with a legal personality, funded by the Minister for Infrastructure Projects of National Interest and Foreign Investment, who has the capacity as a secondary credit authorizing officer. The department is one of the Secretaries of State, appointed and removed from office by Prime Minister’s decision.

Department for Combating Fraud – DLAF

A structure with a legal personality, in the apparatus of the Government, under the Prime Minister’s coordination, financed from the budget by the Prime Minister, appointed by the Chief of the Secretary of State Minister’s decision for a period of 5 years, tertiary credit authorizing officer; DLAF is the institution of contact with the European Anti-Fraud Office – OLAF and provides supports as appropriate, the fulfillment by Romania of its obligations with respect to the protection of the financial interests of the European Union, in accordance with Art. 325 of the Treaty on European Union, with the power to control the obtaining, the use of funds and related co-financing funds;

Control Body of the Prime Minister

A structure without legal personality, under the Prime Minister’s authority, headed by a Secretary of State, appointed and removed from office by Prime Ministers’ Decision, and funded through the budget of the General Secretariat of the Government; it is a department of the United States and the United States of America, the United States and the United States. -banking institutions with state capital Control of the Prime Minister controls the activity of public institutions subordinated to local public authorities

Department for Interethnic Relations

A structure without legal personality, headed by the Secretary of State, headed by the Secretary of State, appointed by the Prime Minister’s decision, and funded through the budget of the Secretariat -General of the Government.

Other departments

The Prime Minister ‘s Authority, headed by State Secretaries or others with similar status, and the Government of. [16]

Ministries[edit]

Main article: Tudose Cabinet

Prefectures

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it . (May 2015)

Legislative process

The Government meetings are convened by the Prime Minister .

The Government meets the requirements of the general public and of the general public.

The Government meeting’s agenda includes:

  • drafting laws (drafting laws, ordinances and decisions)
  • carryforwards
  • notes, mandate notes
  • memoranda
  • stances
  • information and other documents, depending on the needs and requests.

The government agenda is divided into two parts and may contain additional lists, with the approval of the Prime Minister.

The Government Adopts Decisions and Ordinances (simple or emergency ordinances). Decisions are issued to the laws and regulations of the United States.

Decision-making circuit

The decision-making process is divided into two stages: a) preparatory meeting of the Government meeting which ensures the coordination of the process of elaboration, consultation and approval for public policy documents and legislative acts at inter -ministerial level; b) government meeting marking the end of a decision-making process through the adoption / approval or rejection of such draft laws. [17]

See also

  • List of Romanian governments
  • List of institutions subordinated to the Government of Romania

References

  1. Jump up^ “Mihai Tudose, the outgoing economy minister of Romania, has been appointed prime minister” . aljazeera.com . Retrieved 2017-06-28 .
  2. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 103
  3. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 89
  4. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 104
  5. Jump up^ [1],arhiva.gov.ro
  6. Jump up^ Law no. 90/2001, art. 11
  7. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 91
  8. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 123
  9. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 111
  10. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 112
  11. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 113
  12. Jump up^ Constitution, art. 115
  13. Jump up^ Law no. 90/2001, art. 3
  14. Jump up^ Law no. 90, art. 54
  15. Jump up^ Law no. 90/2001, art. 20
  16. Jump up^ http://gov.ro/en/government/organization/government-s-working-apparatus Government Working Apparatus
  17. Jump up^ [2],Legislative process

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