Government of Portugal

The Government of Portugal is one of the four sovereignty bodies of the Portuguese Republic , together with the President of the Republic , the Assembly of the Republic and the courts. It is both the body of sovereignty and the general politics of the country and the superior body of the public administration .

The Government of Portugal is also referred to as the Government of the Portuguese Republic , the Portuguese Government or simply the Government .

The term „constitutional government“ or simply „government“ also Refers to collective ministry in the sense of the team of Ministers and Its period of government under one Prime Minister.


The Government includes the Prime Minister , ministers and secretaries of state (junior ministers). Governments may also include deputy prime ministers and deputy secretaries of state. Each minister may also be responsible for state secretaries of state, while certain may also assign deputy ministers , as well.


After the elections for the Assembly of the Republic or the resignation of the previous government, the President listens to the parties in the Assembly of the Republic and invites someone to form a government.

The Prime Minister chooses the persons that he or she finds. Then the President swears in the Prime Minister and the Government.


The Government has political, legislative and administrative functions. These include, Among other things, the power to negotiate with other countries international gold organisms, to submit bills to the Assembly of the Republic , DECREES to end and to take administrative choices

The government guides its actions by the state program and implements it in the State budget that is submitted to the Assembly of the Republic each year, in the laws that it proposes, in the decrees that it issues in the Portuguese Council of Ministers , and in individual made by its members.

There are no guarantees that the government will stick to its government program, but it will fail to do so, its actions will be judged by the citizens in forthcoming elections.

The Government may also be questioned by the other three sovereignty organs: the President of the Republic , the Assembly of the Republic and the courts. The President may veto governmental decrees and a government bill may fail to pass in the Assembly of the Republic, where a motion of no confidence may be approved.

The Council of Ministers

Main article: Council of Ministers (Portugal)

The Council of Ministers is a collegial executive body within the Government of Portugal. It is usually presided over by the Prime Minister, but the President of the Republic may preside over the Prime Minister’s request. Besides the Prime Minister, the vice-premier and ministers of the Council of Ministers. When the Prime Minister finds out, certain Secretaries of State can also expect its meetings, but without being able to vote.

List of governments (since 1976)

  • I (1976-78)
  • II (1978)
  • III (1978)
  • IV (1978-79)
  • V (1979-80)
  • VI (1980-81)
  • VII (1981)
  • VIII (1981-83)
  • IX (1983-85)
  • X (1985-87)
  • XI (1987-91)
  • XII (1991-95)
  • XIII (1995-99)
  • XIV (1999-2002)
  • XV (2002-04)
  • XVI (2004-05)
  • XVII (2005-09)
  • XVIII (2009-11)
  • XIX (2011-2015)
  • XX (2015)
  • XXI (2015 – present)