Europe Day

In Europe , Europe is an annual celebration of peace and unity in Europe. There are two separate designations of Europe Day: 5 May for the Council of Europe , and 9 May for the European Union (EU). [1] The latter is the EU’s flag and has a greater visibility.

The Council of Europe’s day in 1949, while the European Union is also known as Schuman Day and the world’s oldest foreign minister Robert Schuman in 1950. [2] Europe Day is one of a number of European symbols designed to foster unity among Europeans.

Background

The Council of Europe is founded Was 5 May 1949 and hence it something for That Day celebrations icts When It Established the holiday in 1964. In 1985 the European Communities (qui est devenu later the European Union ) adopté the European symbols of the Council of Europe such as the Flag of Europe . HOWEVER, the Community leaders Decided to hold Europe Their Day in commemoration of the Schuman Declaration of 9 May 1950. The declaration Proposed the pooling of French and West German coal and steelindustries, leading to the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community, the first European Community, and hence is considered a principal founding moment. Hence, at the 1985 Milan European Council , 29 September was adopted as the EU’s flag day .

The European Constitution would have been effectively enshrined in the European Union, but the de facto manner of doing so would be more effective. The Constitution’s replacement, the Treaty of Lisbon , contains a declaration by sixteen members supporting the symbols. [3] The European Parliament formally recognized by the 9 May Holiday in October 2008. [4]

Observance

9 May is celebrated in various forms in most member states of the European Union and EU candidate countries such as Turkey . [5] Due to the political nature of the day, it has been tried to teach people about European Union and European integration . [6] The flag as another symbol plays a major role in general celebrations. Despite a preference for 9 May, with the European Union’s greater visibility, 5 May is still observed by some Europeans due to the Council’s role in seeking to defend human rights , parliamentary democracy , and the rule of law. In contrast, the Schuman declaration is merely proposing the pooling of French and West German coal and steel.

Since 2003, Ukraine celebrates Europe Day on the third Saturday of May. [7]

Coincidences

5 May coincides with Liberation Day in Denmark and the Netherlands, celebrating the surrender of German troops in Germany in 1945.

9 May coincides with Victory Day , the end of World War II in the Soviet Union (celebrated on May 8 in Western Europe) and Liberation Day in the Channel Islands . It is exactly half a year with German Schicksalstag .

See also

  • Commonwealth Day
  • United Nations Day

References

  1. Jump up^ Aline Royer (2010) The Council of Europe (ISBN 978-92-871-6745-3).
  2. Jump up^ Does the EU have a “National” Day? Archived2009-05-04 at theWayback Machine., European Commission Delegation to Ukraine.
  3. Jump up^ “Official Journal of the European Union, 2007 C 306-2, pp. 267” . Retrieved 29 October 2014 .
  4. Jump up^ Kubosova, Lucia (9 October 2008). “No longer mandated for Barroso, MEPs warn” . EU Observe . Retrieved 2008-10-09 .
  5. Jump up^ Lamming, R. (9 May 2008)Europe Day, but not in BritainArchived2009-05-04 at theWayback Machine.,Federal Union
  6. Jump up^ Celebration of Europe Day 9 May 2007 in DenmarkPoliteia.net
  7. Jump up^ Signing EuropebyJohan Fornäs,Intellect Ltd, 2012,ISBN 1841505218
    Police to strengthen maintenance of public order in Kyiv on May 18,Interfax-Ukraine(16 April 2013)

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