Europe a Nation

Europe Nation  Was a policy developed by British Fascist politician Oswald Mosley as the cornerstone de son Union Movement . It’s called for the integration of Europe into a single entity. Although the idea failed to generalize support for the Union Movement, it does not prove to be highly influential on the far-right thought in Europe.

Origins

The idea of ​​a united Europe began to develop in the final days of the Second World War . Concepts such as  Europe  and  Eurafrika  Nation  , both of which looked for an ever-closer union between European countries, gained some currency in the German far-right underground in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War . Mosley Who Reviews towards the end of the war HAD Learned to read the German language , read a number of pamphlets discussing ideas and thesis Was Strongly Influenced by ’em.  [1]  Another important influence was Benito Mussolini’s manifesto of the Italian Social Republic, which included a call for the establishment of a European Community.  [2]  [3]

For his part, Mosley would have had a first introduction to Europe as early as 1936.  [4]  It was not, however, the British Union of Fascists policy at any time.

Development

Mosley first presented His idea of Europe forming a single state in His book  The Alternative  in 1947.  [5]  He argued que la traditional vision of nationalism That HAD beens Followed by the various shades of pre-war fascism HAD beens too narrow in scope and that the post-war era required a new paradigm in which Europe would come together as a single state.  [6]  He rejected any notion of a federal Europe , instead calling for full integration.  [7]  Indeed, Mosley insisted that a supranational European state was essential to the plan.  [8] The policy was presented to the general electorate in October 1948 when Mosley called for elections to a European Assembly to the first step towards his vision.  [2]

The concept also has an important geopolitical dimension as it has become the only defense against Europe becoming the scene of the power struggles between the United States and the Soviet Union in the Cold War .  [9]  He contended that the racial kinship between the Germanic peoples of Europe, which he defined as Germans, British, Scandinavians and northern French, would be the basis for unity, while also declaring his admiration for the contributions of the Latin Peoples. Europe’s cultural history.  [10]

He was both opposed to the United Nations and its predecessor to the League of Nations , dismissing both sides of a Jewish plot to undermine nationalism.  [11]  As such, Europe was an anti-Semitic dimension, with the entire Jewish population of Europe to be expelled to a homeland in Palestine , where they could decide their own fate.  [12]

Africa, most of which was still in the hands of the European colonial empires, Europe is a giant colony, with apartheid implemented on a continental basis, effectively excluding Blacks from Europe.  [2]  Notions of any indigenous rule in Africa are excluded altogether from the idea.  [13]  With autarky a central aim of Europe has a Nation, Africa is to be exploited by the new state for its mineral and food resources. In this aspect, Mosley was heavily influenced by Anton Zischka .  [14]

The European Union is also a member of the European Economic and Social Committee, which also calls for a “wage price mechanism”, while also calling for “European Socialism”, a union style organization for the continent’s industry.  [15]  Effectively though the vision he presented was highly steeped in corporatism and elitism .  [16]  Elections were to be corporatist in nature with an occupation-based franchise (formerly a British Union of Fascists policy) while “European Socialism” was to include an effective hand for business leaders and co-ordination of workers in bodies called “Plowing Charters”, a policy borrowed from the Fascist Italy.  [16]

Mosley summed up the arguments by stating that ‘no lesser degree of unity than that of an integral nation, and the overseas possessions of Europe in a common pool, to give the room in which to act effectively.  [17]  However, it has been argued that Graham Macklin has indeed been fascinated by the parameters of his fascist panacea to suit the times, and is thus easily recognizable as ‘Fascist’.  [18]

Impact

Within the UK, the notion of Europe has become more popular, and most of the deserted Mosley in favor of the League of Empire Loyalists (LELs) and other more minor and more extreme groups.  [19]  AK Chesterton , who went on to lead the LEL, was a strong criticism of Europe a Nation from 1947 when the  Alternative  was first published, preferring to emphasize British nationalism .  [5]

The politics of the British electorate, with the Union Movement, was contrasted when it was emphasized that they were more basic anti-immigrant rhetoric.  [13]  Even Alexander Raven Thomson , one of Mosley’s closest lieutenants and noted for his sycophantic attitudes towards his leader, eventually told Mosley in 1950 that Europe was a nation held little attraction to British voters. As a consequence, the Union Movement briefly downplayed the idea, though Thomson’s preferred alternative, neo-Nazism , was unpublished to the electorate.  [20]

Within the wider European far-right, however, Europe has gained some currency. Fritz Rössler , at the time going by the alias Dr. Franz Richter, became an enthusiastic supporter of the idea and attempted to make it Deutsche Reichspartei policy. He failed in this attempt and was expelled from the party, decamping to the Socialist Reich Party instead.  [21]  For the time being, Adolf von Thadden , who helped Mosley to organize the National Party of Europe, has a major role in Europe at a political party nation.  [22]  Ultimately however the plan’s main supporter in Germany proved to beArthur Erhardt , who established the  Nation-wide  newspaper to support far-right pan-European nationalist ideas, to which Mosley was a frequent contributor.  [23]

Outside Germany it also gained some currency within the Italian Social Movement , though by the early 1950s that wing of the party lost influence, the Italian nationalist arm gaining supremacy.  [24]  Similar ideas Would later be developed by Jean-François Thiriart and others interested in Europeanism  [25]  whilst Europe Nation Was aussi year significant impact on the thinking of Alain de Benoist and in Particular the work of the think tank  Research Group and studies for European civilization  which he established in 1968.  [26]

See also

  • The European
  • Fourth Reich
  • National Party of Europe
  • Pan-European identity
  • Pan-European nationalism
  • Pan-nationalism
  • United States of Europe

Notes

  1. Jump up^  Thurlow, p. 238
  2. ^ Jump up to: c  Harris, p. 31
  3. Jump up^  Thurlow, p. 239
  4. Jump up^  Oswald Mosley, My Life , Nelson, 1970, p. 382
  5. ^ Jump up to: b  Macklin, p. 36
  6. Jump up^  Thurlow, p. 237
  7. Jump up^  Roger Eatwell, Fascism: A History , Random House, 2011, pp. 330-331
  8. Jump up^  Harris, p. 30
  9. Jump up^  Macklin, pp. 79-80
  10. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 80
  11. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 79
  12. Jump up^  Macklin, pp. 80-81
  13. ^ Jump up to: a  Thurlow  b  , p. 245
  14. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 83
  15. Jump up^  Thurlow, p. 246
  16. ^ Jump up to: b  Macklin, p. 82
  17. Jump up^  Oswald Mosley, ‘European Socialism’, The European , May 1956
  18. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 4
  19. Jump up^  Thurlow, pp. 244-245
  20. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 55
  21. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 89
  22. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 90
  23. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 111
  24. Jump up^  Macklin, p. 108
  25. Jump up^  Martin A. Lee,  The Beast Reawakens  , Warner Books, 1998, pp. 170-174
  26. Jump up^  Harris, p. 80

References

  • Harris, Geoffrey,  The Dark Side of Europe: The Extreme Right Today  , Edinburgh University Press, 1994
  • Macklin, Graham,  Very Deeply Dyed in Black: Sir Oswald Mosley and the Resurrection of British Fascism After 1945  , IB Tauris, 2007
  • Thurlow, Richard,  Fascism in Britain: A History, 1918-1985  , Basil Blackwell, 1987

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