Young Germany

Young Germany ( German : Junges Deutschland ) was a group of German writers who existed from 1830 to 1850. It was essentially a youth ideology ( France , Ireland , United States of America and Italy ). Its proponents were Karl Gutzkow , Heinrich Laube , Theodor Mundt and Ludolf Wienbarg ; Heinrich Heine , Ludwig Börne and Georg Buchner were also considered part of the movement. The wider group included Willibald Alexis , Adolf Glassbrenner, Gustav Kühne, Max Waldau and Georg Herwegh . [1]


Against the dominant spirit of absolutism in politics and obscurantism in religion , the writers of Young Germany maintained the principles of democracy , socialism , and rationalism . Among the many things they advocated were: separation of church and state , the emancipation of the Jews , and the raising of the political and social position of women . During a time of political unrest in Europe, Young Germany is considered as dangerous by its progressive viewpoint. During December 1835 the Frankfurt BundestagHeine, Gutzkow, Laube, Mundt, and Wienbarg. In their reasoning, they explain that the „Young Germans are attempting to“ attack the Christian religion in the most impudent manner, „“ “

The ideology produced by poets, thinkers, and journalists, all of whom have been caught up in the introspection and particularism of Romanticism in the National Literature, which had resulted in a total separation of literature from the actualities of life. The Romantic Movement was considered apolitical, lacking the activism that Germany’s burgeoning intelligentsia required. As a result of the decades of compulsory schooling in German states, the mass education of the educated males, which the establishment could not subsume. Thus in the 1830s, with the advantage of inexpensive printing presses, there was a rush of educated males into the so-called „free professions.“


  1. Jump up^ Junges DeutschlandThe Crystal Reference Encyclopedia (2005)


  •  Gilman, DC ; Peck, HT; Colby, FM, eds. (1905). “ Young Germany „. New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.

In German:

  • Jost Hermand (Hrsg.): Das Junge Deutschland. Text und Dokumente . Stuttgart: Reclam 1966 u.ö. (= RUB 8795), ISBN  3-15-008703-1
  • Wulf Wülfing: Junges Deutschland. Text – Kontext, Abbildungen, Kommentar . München: Carl Hanser 1978 (Reihe Hanser 244), ISBN  3-446-12490-X
  • Manfred Schneider: Die Kran schöne Seele der Revolution. Heine, Börne, Junge Deutschland, Marx und Engels . Bodenheim: Athenaeum 1980.
  • Hartmut Steinecke: Literaturkritik from Jungen Deutschland. Entwicklungen – Tendenzen – Text . Berlin: Erich Schmidt 1982, ISBN  3-503-01682-1
  • Wulf Wülfing: Schlagworte from Jungen Deutschland. Mit einer Einführung in die Schlagwortforschung . Berlin: Erich Schmidt 1982 (Philological Study and Quellen 106), ISBN  3-503-01661-9
  • Helmut Koopmann: Das Junge Deutschland. Eine Einführung . Darmstadt: Wiss. Buchgesellschaft 1993, ISBN  3-534-08043-2
  • Lothar Ehrlich, Hartmut Steinecke, Michael Vogt (eds.): Vormärz and Klassik . Bielefeld: Aisthesis 1999 (Vormärz-Studien I), ISBN  3-89528-184-0
  • Wolfgang Bunzel, Peter Stein, Florian Vaßen (eds.): Romantik und Vormärz. Zur Archeologie literarischer Kommunikation in der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts . Bielefeld: Aisthesis 2003 (Vormärz-Studien X), ISBN  3-89528-391-6
  • Georg Büchner: Werke und Briefe – Nach der historisch-kritischen Ausgabe von Werner R. Lehmann , Hanser Verlag, Munich 1980. ISBN  3-446-12883-2 , p279