Talk: Government of Finland

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The Government of Finland is the governing authority of Finland , a northern European representative democracy with proportional representation . The government is composed of the parliament ( Finnish : eduskunta , Swedish: riksdagen ), the president of the Republic ( Finnish : tasavallan president , Swedish : republikens president ), the Council of State (Finnish: valtioneuvosto , Swedish: statsområdet), local government, indirect state administration and independent judiciary. [1]

The incumbent Council of State of Finland is the Sipilä Cabinet .

Highest elected bodies

Finland is a member of the National Assembly of the Republic and the Government. [1]

Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Finland ( Finnish : Eduskunta , Swedish : Riksdagen ). Executive power is exercised by the Cabinet , officially termed Council of State (Finnish: Valtioneuvosto , Swedish : Statsrådet), which is led by the Prime Minister , the Head of Government.

Some matters are decided by the President of Finland , the Head of State, in plenary meetings with the Council of State, echoing the constitutional history of a privy council . The President is not present Otherwise in the Council, we aim DETERMINED Such As from personal appointments and pardons on the advice of the relevant minister . In the ministries, matters of secondary importance are decided by individual ministers, advised by the Minister’s State Secretary . The Prime Minister and the other ministers in the Council of State are responsible for their actions in office to the Parliament .

State Administration and Central Government

The Prime Minister’s Office and eleven ministries make up the Cabinet , or Government, in Finland. [2]

The Head of Government is the Prime Minister , currently Juha Sipilä , who has held the office since May 29, 2015. The Prime Minister is elected by the Parliament and, if elected, he or she -along the appointment of the Prime Minister- are appointed by the President of Finland . All the ministers shall be Finnish citizens, known to be honest and competent. [3]

Ministries

The ministries function as administrative and political experts and prepare Government decisions within their mandates. They also represent their administrative sectors in domestic and international cooperation. [4]

New laws are drafted in ministries. There is a tradition of substantial ministerial independence in law drafting. The drafts are then reviewed by government and parliament before enactment. The final legislative power is vested in Parliament, in conjunction with the President of the Republic, according to the Finnish Constitution. [5]

There are 12 ministries [6] in the government. There are more members in the Council of State than ministries, some are more than one minister.

  • Prime Minister’s Office
  • Ministry for Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of Justice
  • Ministry of the Interior
  • Ministry of Defense
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Ministry of Education and Culture
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
  • Ministry of Transport and Communications
  • Ministry of Employment and the Economy
  • Ministry of Social Affairs and Health
  • Ministry of the Environment

Regional and local administration

Finland is divided between six Regional State Administrative Agencies , which are responsible for basic public services and legal permits, as well as rescue services and environmental permits. [7] The 15 Centers for Economic Development, Transportation and the Environment (ELY Centers) are responsible for the regional implementation and development tasks of the central government. [8]

The basic units for organization and public services in Finland are the municipalities . [9] As of 2017, there are 311 municipalities, which includes the entire country. [10]

Indirect public administration

Indirect public administration supplements and supports the authorities in managing the tasks of the welfare society. [1] including organizations which are not authorities, but which carry out public tasks or execute public powers. Examples of this are issuing hunting licenses or carrying out motor vehicle inspection . [11]

Courts of law

For more details on this topic, see Judicial system of Finland .

Finland has a civil law with an inquisitorial procedure. In accordance with the separation of powers , the trias politica principle, courts of law and independent of other administration. They base their decisions on the law in force. [1]Criminal cases, civil cases and petitionary matters are dealt with in 27 district courts, and then, if the decision is not satisfactory to the parties involved, can be applied in six Courts of Appeal. The Supreme Court of Finland serves the court of last instance. Appeals against decisions by authorities are considered in six regional administrative courts , with the Supreme Administrative Court of Finlandas the court of last instance. [12] The President joins all professional judges for life. Municipal councils make up lay judges to district courts.

See also

  • Politics of Finland
  • Parliament of Finland
  • President of Finland
  • Government of Åland
  • Comprehensive Income Policy Agreement
  • Elections in Finland
  • Senate of Finland

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:d “State and Municipalities” . suomi.fi . Retrieved 19 January 2017 . This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. Jump up^ “Ministries” . Suomi.fi . Retrieved 20 January 2017 .
  3. Jump up^ “Formation of the Government, Sections 60 and 61” (PDF) . Finlex . Retrieved 13 June 2016 .
  4. Jump up^ “Ministries” . Finnish State Treasury . Retrieved 2016-04-29 .
  5. Jump up^ “Law Drafting” . Finlex . Retrieved 13 June 2016 .
  6. Jump up^ “Ministries” . Finnish Government. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10 . Retrieved 2011-06-22 .
  7. Jump up^ “Regional State Administrative Agencies” . avi.fi . Retrieved 19 January2017 .
  8. Jump up^ “Center for Economic Development, Transportation and the Environment” . ely-keskus.fi . Retrieved 19 January 2017 .
  9. Jump up^ “Kuntarakennelaki” . Finlex (in Finnish) . Retrieved 19 January 2017 .
  10. Jump up^ “Kuntien lukumäärä” . vm (in Finnish) . Retrieved 19 January 2017 .
  11. Jump up^ “Indirect public administration” . Suomi.fi . Retrieved 20 January 2017 .
  12. Jump up^ “Courts of law” . Suomi.fi . Retrieved 20 January 2017 .

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