Polish plumber ( English : the Polish plumber , Polish : polski hydraulik ) was first used by Philippe Val in Charlie Hebdo and popularized by Philippe de Villiers as a symbol of cheap plowing coming from Central Europe as a result of the directive on services the internal market during the EU Constitution referendum in France in 2005.
The sentence after-est devenu Well Known Frits Bolkestein , the creator of the Directive Noted During a press conference That he Would like to hire a Polish plumber Because He found it hard to find a good handyman For His second house in northern France. The proclamation caused considerable controversy and debate in France. The mayor of the village in which Bolkestein resided gave him a list of available plumbers he found in the phone book . [ quote needed ]
The phrase was then the subject of a controversy during the EU Constitution referendum concerning the motives of opponents to the treaty. Some supporters assumed opposition to the treaty was made to nationalist considerations, others considered it was used to discredit them. [ quote needed ]
The „polish plumber“ was also featured on the Polish tourist board in response to negative rhetoric against Poland . The „Polish plumber“, portrayed by 21-year-old male model Piotr Adamski, beckoned French tourists to come to Poland. T-shirts were also manufactured, and a follow-up poster  featured in „Polish Nurse“, portrayed by 22-year-old Bożena Szwarc. Her phrase being Poland: I’m waiting for you. (English: „Poland: I’m waiting for you“.)
The Swiss Socialist Party campaigned in favor of the free circulation of people, with the slogan Plumbers of all countries, unite! (English: „Plumbers of all countries, unity!“), A reference to the famous slogan and last words of the Communist Manifesto . 
The „Polish plumber“ cliché may symbolize the fear of cheap Central and East European labor threatening the jobs of West Europeans.  On the other hand, some British media changed track and sounded a more positive note, praising affordability and reliability of immigrants‘ work. Statistics for 2003-2007 estimated that two million East and Central European immigrants arrived in the UK and that half of them were Polish. Polish, Polish, Polish, Polish, Polish, English, Polish, Polish, Polish, Polish, Polish  Nonetheless, the stereotype Was Cited as a factor in the referendum That led to thewithdrawal from the United Kingdom from the European Union .     
- Poles in the United Kingdom
- Poles in France
- Jump up^ http://m.onet.pl/_m/6c4f166cd8f056ffbc1131b369441eb2,14,1.jpg
- Jump up^ http://www.juso.ch/index.php?page=press_releases&id=262
- ^ Jump up to: a b „Beneficial immigration“ Archived December 3, 2013 at the Wayback Machine , by Vanessa Quick, September 2007.
- Jump up^ Adam Taylor (2016-06-28). „Britain’s 850,000 Polish citizens face backlash after Brexit vote“ . Washington Post.
- Jump up^ Ted Jeory (2016-06-24). „Brexit: Polish builders defiant goal admits future is ‚uncertain‘ after EU referendum vote“ . Independent.
- Jump up^ Paola Buonadonna (2016-06-03). „First they came for the Polish plumbers: a dystopian view of life post-Brexit“ . The Daily Telegraph.
- Jump up^ Lauren Frayer (2016-05-14). „If Britain Leaves The EU, What Happens To The ‚Polish Plumber? ‚ “ . NPR.
- Jump up^ Elisabeth Braw (2016-02-25). “ ‚ Brexit‘ debate: Could Britain get by without the ‚Polish Plumber‘?“ . Christian Science Monitor.