Pirate Party Germany

The Pirate Party Germany ( German : Piratenpartei Deutschland ), Commonly Known As Pirates (German: Piraten ), is a political party in Germany founded in September 2006 at c-base . It states general agreement with the Swedish Piratpartiet [4] [5] as a party of the information society ; It is part of the international movement of pirate parties and a member of the Pirate Parties International . In 2011/12, the party succeeded in Attaining a high enough voting share to enter oven state Parliaments ( Berlin ,North Rhine-Westphalia , Saarland and Schleswig-Holstein ) [6] and the European Parliament . However, their popularity has declined and by 2017 they have no representation in any of the German state parliaments. Their one European MP, Julia Reda , has joined the Greens / EFA group.

According to political theorist Oskar Niedermayer, [7] the party sees itself as part of an international movement to shape with their term of “ digital revolution “ which is a circumscription for the transition into information society . With their focus on freedom in the net and their fight against the government of this sphere, they caught the attention of the younger generation. Even if the network policy is the core identity of the party, it is now more than just an advocacy party of “ digital natives “ and characterizes itself as a social-liberal-progressive. [7]

Former federal chairman Sebastian Nerz Sees the party as social-liberal party of Fundamental rights Among other things qui veut advocate for political transparency . [8]

Party platform

The party supports the preservation of current civil rights in telephony and on the Internet; in particular, it opposes the European data retention policies.

The party favors the civil right to information privacy and reforms of copyright , education, genetic patents and drug policy .

In particular, it promotes an improved transparency of government by implementing open source governance and provides for APIs to allow for electronic inspection and monitoring of government operations by the citizen. [9]

The Pirate Party also supports an unconditional basic income for citizens [10] [11] and direct democracy via e-democracy . [12] [13]

Inaugural meeting in 2006, at the c-base in Berlin (presentation of the board candidates)


Development of membership

Was founded the party is 10 September 2006. Thorsten Wirth has-been the Party Leader since 30 November 2013. [14] Previous leaders Were Bernd Schlömer  ( of ) , Sebastian Nerz , dirk hillbrecht , Christof Leng , and Jens Seipenbusch .

In February 2009, the village spokesperson of Hohenstein and as such city councillor in Strausberg Jens Knoblich joined the Pirate Party Germany. [15] In June 2009, Bundestag member Jörg Tauss left the SPD and joined the Pirate Party [16] after the Zugangserschwerungsgesetz was passed, but left the Pirate Party in 2010 when he was convicted for possession of child pornography. [17] In late August 2009, Herbert Rusche , one of the founding members of the German Green Party and, in the 1980s, the first openly homosexual member of parliament in Germany, joined the Pirate Party. [18]During the Berlin State Election , the party entered a state parliament for the first time when the Berlin party received 8.9 percent of the votes for the state parliament of Berlin . [19] As of August 2012 , the party had around 35,000 members. [20]

Election results

2009 federal election

On 27 September 2009, the Pirates received 2.0% (845,904 votes) in the 2009 German Federal Election , thus not securing any seats in the Bundestag. However, this was still the best result among those that did not meet the 5% threshold. Among first-time male voters, the party received 13%. [21]

On the subject of the election results in 2009, the party fulfills the conditions for receiving public allowances . For 2009, it received € 31,504.68 (the same amount of money) which was exclusively due to the Pirates state associations Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein. The possible upper limit of the public allowance for the party is a rate of € 840,554.51. [22]

2009 European Parliament election

Election results in the 2009 European Parliament election

It received 229,117 votes in the 2009 European Parliament election , which was 0.9%, but not enough (at least 5%) for a seat. [23]

State and regional elections

On 30 August 2009, the Pirates received 1.9% in the 2009 Saxony state election . On the same day, the local elections of the Minster and Aachen , candidates for the party ran for office only in some constituencies of both cities. [24]

Support for The Pirates differs somewhat between States. The party received 1.8% in the 2009 Schleswig-Holstein state election and 1.5% in the 2010 North Rhine-Westphalia state election(though without securing seats), [25] [26] but only 0.5% in the 2009 Hesse state election and did not participating in the 2009 Brandenburg and Saarland state elections .

The party received 2.1% in the 2011 Hamburg state elections , though it was not yet enough to gain seats in the State parliament. In the Baden-Württemberg state election, the Pirate Party was able to repeat this result. In the Saxony-Anhalt state election, 2011 they received 1.4% or 13,828 votes; in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Election, 2011 they achieved 1.6% of the votes.

In the 2011 Berlin State Election , with 8.9% of the votes [27] the Pirate Party of Berlin, managed for the first time to overcome the 5% threshold and to win seats (numbering 15 out of 141 seats in the Abgeordnetenhaus ) in a German state parliament. [28] This was a surprise for them, since they only had 15 candidates on the ballot. In response to their election, however, Mayor Klaus Wowereit criticized their lack of diversity, most notably the lack of women in the party. [29]

In March 2012, the Pirates received 7.4% of the vote [30] and thus won 4 seats [31] in the Landtag of Saarland .

Subsequent 2012 polls have grown in popularity in the Party. [32] [33] In May 2012, they won 8.2% of the vote in Schleswig-Holstein , which was sufficient to enter the state parliament, gaining 6 seats. [34] Also in May 2012, they won 7.8% of the vote in North Rhine-Westphalia , gaining 20 seats.

2013 federal election

After those successful state elections, the party was able to score up to 13% in nationwide polls. [35] However, after a lengthy array of scandals citation needed ] and internal disputes which have been handled unprofessionally and picked up by the media, the party lost the trust of voters and entered a steady decline in polls. [36]

As a result, in the Lower Saxony state election in January 2013 , the Pirate Party was only able to gain 2.1% of the votes, missing the threshold. Six months later during the Bavaria state election of 2013 the Pirates fared similarly, receiving only 2% of the votes. At the 2013 German federal elections the following weekend, the party is still a major defeat 2.2% of the votes, leading the resignation of party leader Bernd Schlömer  ( de ) . [37]

2014 European Parliament election

In the 2014 European parliament elections , the Pirate Party received 1.45% of the national vote (424,510 votes in total) and returned to single Member of the European Parliament . [38] The MEP elected, Julia Reda , joined the Greens-European Free Alliance as an independent. [39]

2016 Berlin state election

The Berlin State Election of the Pirate Party in their previous stronghold of Berlin. Their previous vote of 8.9% achieved in 2011 fell to 1.7% and the Pirate Party lost all representation in the Berlin State assembly. Pirate Party assembly member Gerwald Claus-Brunner . [40]

2017 dropout from state parliaments

Together with the satirical party Die PARTEI the nominated Pirate Party Engelbert Sonneborn as candidate for the German presidential election in February 2017. [41]

The Pirate Party continues to decline in 2017, dropping out of state parliaments. In the Saarland State Election in March 2017, the Pirate Party has only received the vote in the Saarland . [42] With the North Rhine-Westphalia , the Pirate Party is no longer represented in any state parliament.


  1. Jump up^ „Protokoll BuVo-Sitzung 16.01.2014“ (in German). Vorstand Piratenpartei. January 30, 2014 . Retrieved 6 February 2014 .
  2. Jump up^ Franzmann, Simon (2015). „The Failed Struggle for Office Instead of Votes“. In Gabriele D’Ottavio; Thomas Saalfeld. Germany After the 2013 Elections: Breaking the Mold of Post-Unification Politics? . Ashgate. pp. 166-167. ISBN  978-1-4724-4439-4 .
  3. Jump up^ Gamble, Andrew; Brett, William; Tomkiewicz, Jacek (28 May 2014). „The Political Economy of Change at a Time of Structural Crisis“. In John Eatwell; Pascal Petit; Terry McKinley. Challenges for Europe in the World, 2030 . Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 313. ISBN  978-1-4724-1925-5 .
  4. Jump up^ Steinke, Peter (19 December 2008), „Wahlleiter lässt kleine Parteien zu: Freie Fahrt für die Piraten“ , Frankfurter Rundschau (in German).
  5. Jump up^ Hauck, Mirjam (17 September 2009), „Razzia wegen Bundestrojaner: Bedingt abhörbereit“ , Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German).
  6. Jump up^ Eddy, Melissa (8 May 2012). „Upstarts Continue to Hijack Votes in Germany“ . New York Times .
  7. ^ Jump up to:b Niedermayer, Oskar (21 September 2011), „Partei-Profile: Piratenpartei Deutschland“ , on the page of Federal Agency for Civic Education (in German) .
  8. Jump up^ „Piraten sehen sich als“ sozial-liberal Grundrechtspartei “ “ , Focus Online (in German), 5 October 2011.
  9. Jump up^ „Program of the Piratenpartei (German)“ (in German). Wiki.piratenpartei.de . Retrieved 9 June 2014 .
  10. Jump up^ Zeh, Juli (18 May 2012). „The Pirate Party fits the political gap“ . The Guardian .
  11. Jump up^ „Pirate Party Emerges as Political Force in Germany – SPIEGEL ONLINE“ . Spiegel.de. March 28, 2012 . Retrieved 9 June 2014 .
  12. Jump up^ Wiener, Aaron (8 June 2012). „In Germany, ragtag Pirate Party raids politics“ . Los Angeles Times .
  13. Jump up^ „Germany’s Pirate Party readies for regional polls | News | DW.DE | 29.04.2012“ . DW.DE. April 29, 2012 . Retrieved 9 June 2014 .
  14. Jump up^ „PIRATEN-Parteitag: Thorsten Wirth ist neuer Bundesvorsitzender“ (in German). November 30, 2013 . Retrieved 2 December 2013 .
  15. Jump up^ „Erstes Mandat für die Piratenpartei“ . Berliner Morgenpost (in German). February 6, 2009 . Retrieved 20 June 2009 .
  16. Jump up^ „MdB Jörg Tauss wechselt zur Piratenpartei“ (in German). Piratenpartei Brandenburg. June 20, 2009 . Retrieved 26 January 2012 .
  17. Jump up^ Zeitung, Badische. „Tauss verlässt Piratenpartei“ . badische-zeitung.de(in German) . Retrieved 7 March 2015 .
  18. Jump up^ „Grünen-Gründer Rusche wechselt zur Piratenpartei“ , Bild Zeitung (in German), 27 August 2009.
  19. Jump up^ „Die Landeswahlleiterin for Berlin – Berliner Wahlen 2011 – Ergebnisse nach Regionen – Zweitstimmen – Ergebnistabelle“ . wahlen-berlin.de . Retrieved 19 September 2011 .
  20. Jump up^ Neuroth, Oliver (6 August 2012). „Parteichef Schlömer 100 Tage im Amt: Der Ober-Pirat and der Mut zur Lücke“ (in German). Tagesschau . Archived from the original on 9 September 2012.
  21. Jump up^ Allen, Kristen (28 September 2009), „Pirate Party fires broadside at German political establishment“ , The Local
  22. Jump up^ Gesamtübersicht Festsetzung der staatlichen Teilfinanzierung für das Jahr 2009 gemäß §§ 18 ff. PartG(in German), dated: 21 January 2010.
  23. Jump up^ Acht Gründe für die PiratenparteiWirtschaftswoche; 13 June 2006. in German
  24. Jump up^ Piraten ziehen in Stadträte ein (German), gulli.com, 30 August 2009
  25. Jump up^ Thoma, Jörg (6 May 2012). „Schleswig-Holstein: Piratenpartei zieht in den Landtag ein“ . Golem.de (in German) . Retrieved 7 March 2015 .
  26. Jump up^ „Wer warum die Piratenpartei wählt, Publikationen, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung“ . Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (in German). 19 December 2014 . Retrieved 7 March 2015 .
  27. Jump up^ „Nach 8,9% in Berlin: Erobern die Piraten jetzt ganz Deutschland?“ . BILD.de (in German). September 20, 2011 . Retrieved 7 March 2015 .
  28. Jump up^ „Social Democrats win Berlin elections, Pirate Party between legislation“. Deutsche Welle . Retrieved Sep 18, 2011 .
  29. Jump up^ Kulish, Nicholas (19 September 2011). „Pirates‘ Strong Showing in Berlin Elections Surprises Even Them“ . The New York Times . Retrieved 6 October 2011 .
  30. Jump up^ preliminary official election result (percent) (in German), 26 March 2012
  31. Jump up^ preliminary official election result (seats) (in German), 26 March 2012
  32. Jump up^ Boston, William (10 April 2012). “ ‚ Pirates‘ Deal has Blow to Germany‘ s Political Status Quo“ . The Wall Street Journal . Retrieved 29 May 2012 .
  33. Jump up^ Scally, Derek (12 April 2012). „German Pirate Party Third Most Popular“. The Irish Times .
  34. Jump up^ Donahue, Patrick (7 May 2012). „Merkel’s CDU Sees Worst Schleswig-Holstein Result Since 1950“ . Bloomberg.
  35. Jump up^ „Sonntagsfrage – Forsa (Wahlumfragen zur Bundestagswahl)“ . Wahlrecht.de . Retrieved 9 June 2014 .
  36. Jump up^ „Sinking Ship: Germany’s Struggling Pirate Party“ . Spiegel Online .
  37. Jump up^ „Wahldebakel: Piraten-Chef Schlömer gibt Amt auf“ . Spiegel Online (in German).
  38. Jump up^ „Übersicht“ . Bundeswahlleiter.de . Retrieved 9 June 2014 .
  39. Jump up^ Pogliani, Silvia. „Up-to-date list of the MEPs for the new legislative period“ . The Greens . Retrieved 7 March 2015 .
  40. Jump up^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/sep/22/gerwald-claus-brunner-german-pirate-party-politician-confessed-before-suicide
  41. Jump up^ Martin Sonneborn (6 February 2017). „Mein Vater könnte das“ . Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (in German) . Retrieved 13 February 2017 .
  42. Jump up^ Landeswahlleiterin Saarland. „Election results for the 2017 Saarland state parliament elections“ . statistikextern.saarland.de (in German). Statistisches Amt Saarland . Retrieved 30 March 2017 .