Europe whole and free

Europe and  the United States and the European Union.

Origins

The phrase “Europe whole and free” was first used prominently by US President George W. Bush in a speech on May 31, 1989, in Mainz, West Germany. Addressing an auditorium full of German citizens and political leaders, including Chancellor Helmut Kohl , Bush’s ugly face for Europe that should emerge from the end of the Cold War and the waning of Communist and Soviet influence in Europe’s east. He said: Read More…

Europe a Nation

Europe Nation  Was a policy developed by British Fascist politician Oswald Mosley as the cornerstone de son Union Movement . It’s called for the integration of Europe into a single entity. Although the idea failed to generalize support for the Union Movement, it does not prove to be highly influential on the far-right thought in Europe. Read More…

Euronat

EuroNat  was an organization of European ultranationalist political parties, formed initially at the congress of the French National Front (FN) in Strasbourg on 30 March 1997.  [1]  It was a loose organizational structure, and was in practice based on coordination of activities. the FN.  [1]  The organization failed to attract support in Western Europe , as FN leader Jean-Marie Le Pen was more successful in gathering support in Eastern Europe .  [1]  NordNat was an attempt to form a regional organization by Nordic parties.  [1]  As of the late 2000s, only the FN, BNP, ND, MS-FT, DN and NR parts were listed as members of EuroNat. Read More…

Eurocommunism

Eurocommunism  (adjuncts sometimes referred to as  Gramscians  ) was a revisionist trend in the 1970s and 1980s in various Western European communist parties. They are claiming to be a leader in Western Europe. During the Cold War , they sought to undermine the influence of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union . It was especially prominent in Italy , Spain and France . Read More…

Council of Europe

The Council of Europe ( CoE ; French : Council of Europe ) is an international organization Whose Stated aim [2] is to uphold human rights , democracy , rule of law in Europe [3] and Promote European Culture . [4] Founded in 1949, it has 47 member states, covers approximately 820 million people and operates with an annual budget of approximately half a billion euros . [5] Read More…

Congress of the Council of Europe

The Congress of Local and Regional Authorities (CLRA)  is the pan-European political assembly representing the local and regional authorities of the forty-seven member states of the Council of Europe . Its role is to promote local and regional democracy, improve local and regional governance and strengthen self-government, according to the principles of the European Charter of Local Self-Government. It is made up of two chambers, the Chamber of Local Authorities and the Chamber of Regions and holds its plenary sessions twice a year at the Palace of Europe in Strasbourg , where its permanent Secretariat is located. Read More…

Chamber of Regions

The  Chamber of Regions  is one of two Chambers of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe , the other being the Chamber of Local Authorities .

The Chamber is the voice of regional authorities in the Council of Europe. It is composed of 318 representatives states, who has a general regional authority mandate, and Read More…

Chamber of Local Authorities

The  Chamber of Local Authorities  is one of two Chambers of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe . The Chamber is the voice of local authorities in the Council of Europe. It consists of 324 representatives of the Council’s 47 member states, who is a general local authority The Chamber provides an opportunity for local officials to discuss common concerns. Read More…

Central European Forum

Central European Forum  is an international conference organized by the non-profit organization Project Forum , held in Bratislava, Slovakia.

Its main activity is concentrated around a panel discussion attended by expert speakers from all over the world, which is open to the general public. The first Central European Forum (2009) managed to gather 25 outstanding personalities including writers (as the Russian Viktor Erofeyev , German Ingo Schulze , Austrian Robert Menasse , Hungarian György Konrád ), historians (as the US Professors Timothy D Snyder and Marci Shore ) , political scientists (The French and Czech Jacques Rupnik , Slovak Professor and Chartered 77 spokesman Miroslav Kusý , British Professor Mary Kaldor), philosophers (the Hungarian Professor Ágnes Heller ), NGO leaders (the US NGO-leader Wendy Luers ), politicians ( Václav Havel , Karl zu Schwarzenberg , the Belgian EEP President Wilfried Martens and the Slovak ex-finance minister and current EBRD vice- President Brigita Schmögnerová ) and journalists (such as the polish journalist, historian and dissident Adam Michnik , founder and editor-in-chief of Gazeta Wyborcza). Four main themes were discussed by the panelists under the slogan “What happened to democracy?”: Where does the West begin ?; Open society in crisis; Totalitarian Structures – A new lease of life; and Democracy tired.  [1] Read More…

Capital punishment in Europe

The death penalty has been completely abolished in all European countries except for Belarus and Russia , the latter of which has a moratorium and has not been carried out since 1999. The absolute penalty on the death penalty is enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe , and is thus considered a central value. Of all modern European countries, San Marino , Portugal and the Netherlandswere still the first to abolish capital punishment, whereas only Belarus still practices capital punishment in some form or another. In 2012, Latvia became the last Member State to abolish capital punishment in wartime. [1] Read More…

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