Government of Sweden

The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish : Konungariket Sveriges regering ) is the national office and the supreme executive authority in Sweden . The short-form name Regeringen (“the Government”) is used both in the Fundamental Laws of the Realm and in the vernacular, while the long-form is only used in international treaties. [1]

The Government operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Minister -appointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag (-and another vote in the Riksdag before an appointment can be made) -and other cabinet ministers ( Swedish : Statsråd ), appointed and dismissed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Government is responsible for its actions to the Riksdag . [2]

Following the adoption of the 1974 Instrument of Government on 1 January 1975-the Government in its present form of constitutionally constituted of the Swedish Monarch is no longer any nominal executive powers with respect to the governance of the Realm, but continue to serve a strictly ceremonial head of state . [3]

Role and scope

Rosenbad , in central Stockholm , has been the seat of the Government since 1981. [4]

Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1.

-  The Government governs the Realm. It is accountable to the Riksdag . [2]

The Instrument of Government ( Swedish : Regeringsformen ) -one of the Fundamental Laws of the Realm -sets out the main responsibilities and duties of the Government (including the Prime Minister and other Cabinet Ministers) and how it relates to other organs of the State. [2]

Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1.

-  The Chancellor of Justice and other State administrative autorités come under gouvernement, UNLESS They Are autorités under the Riksdag selon the present instrument of government or by virtue of other law. [2]

Most state administrative autorités ( Swedish : statliga förvaltningsmyndigheter ), as Opposed to local autorités ( Swedish : kommuner ) spells under the Government, Including the Armed Forces , Coast Guard , Customs Service and the Swedish Police .

While the Judiciary is technically under the Government in the fiscal sense, Chapter 11 of the Instrument of Government provides safeguards to ensure its independence. [2] [5]

In a unique feature of the Swedish constitutional system, the individual cabinet ministers do not bear any individual responsibility for the performance of the agencies within their portfolio; the director-generals and other heads of government agencies reports directly to the Government as a whole; and individual services may not intervene in individual cases thus the origin of the pejorative, in Swedish political parlance, term ministerstyre (English: “ministerial rule”).

High Contracting Party

Image Accession Treaty for Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Note That Sweden is the only one of the four not icts with head of state as high contracting party.

The Government of Sweden is the high contracting party When Reviews entering Treaties with foreign sovereign states and international organizations (Such As the European Union ), as per 10: 1 of the instrument of government. [2] In most other parliamentary systems (monarchies and republics alike), this formal function is usually vested in the head of state .

Promulgation

Chapter 6, Article 7 prescribes That laws and ordinances are promulgated by the Government (by the Prime Minister or other cabinet minister), [2] and are subsequently published in the Swedish Code of Statutes ( Swedish : Svensk författningssamling ). [6]

Training and dismissal

Following a general election , the Speaker of the Riksdag begins to hold talks with the leaders of the party with representation in the Riksdag , then nominates the nominees for the Prime Minister ( Swedish : Statsminister ). The appointment is then put to a vote in the chamber. Unless an absolute majority of the members (175 members) votes “no”, the nomination is confirmed, otherwise it is rejected. The Speaker must then find a new nominee. This means the Riksdag can agree to a Prime Minister without casting any “yes” votes.

After being elected Prime Minister joins the cabinet ministers and announces them to the Riksdag. The new Government takes office at a special council held at the Royal Palace before the Monarch , at which the Speaker of the Riksdag formally announces to the Monarch that the Riksdag has elected a new Prime Minister and that the Prime Minister has chosen his cabinet ministers.

The Riksdag can cast a vote of no confidence against any cabinet minister ( Swedish : Statsråd ), thus forcing a resignation. To succeed a vote of no confidence must be supported by an absolute majority (175 members) or it has failed.

If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister this means the whole government is rejected. A new government has a week to call for a general election or else the procedure of nominating a new Prime Minister starts anew.

Cabinets

Present Cabinet

Main article: Löfven Cabinet
portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister’s Office
Prime Minister Stefan Löfven 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Deputy Prime Minister [7] 
(honorary title)
Åsa Romson 3 October 2014 May 25, 2016 Green
Isabella Lövin May 25, 2016 incumbent Green
Minister for Strategic Development and Nordic Cooperation [8] Kristina Persson 3 October 2014 May 25, 2016 Democratic Social
Minister for Government Coordination
Minister for Energy
Ibrahim Baylan May 25, 2016 incumbent Democratic Social
Ministry of Justice [9]
Minister for Justice
Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy
Morgan Johansson 3 October 2014 27 July 2017 Democratic Social
Minister for Justice
Minister for Home Affairs
Morgan Johansson 27 July 2017 incumbent Democratic Social
Minister for Home Affairs Anders Ygeman 3 October 2014 27 July 2017 Democratic Social
Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy
Deputy Minister for Justice
Helene Fritzon 27 July 2017 incumbent Democratic Social
Ministry for Foreign Affairs [10]
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Deputy Prime Minister (Interim)
Margot Wallström 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Minister for International Development Cooperation Isabella Lövin 3 October 2014 May 25, 2016 Green
Minister for International Development Cooperation
Minister for the Climate
Isabella Lövin May 25, 2016 incumbent Green
Minister for European Union Affairs and Trade Ann Linde May 25, 2016 incumbent Democratic Social
Ministry of Defense [11]
Minister for Defense Peter Hultqvist 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs [12]
Minister for Social Security Annika Strandhäll 3 October 2014 27 July 2017 Democratic Social
Minister for Social Affairs Annika Strandhäll 27 July 2017 incumbent Democratic Social
Minister for Public Health, Healthcare and Sports Gabriel Wikström 3 October 2014 27 July 2017 Democratic Social
Minister for Children, the Elderly and Gender Equality Åsa Regnér 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Ministry of Finance [13]
Minister for Finance Magdalena Andersson 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Minister for Financial Markets
Minister for Consumer Affairs
Deputy Minister for Finance
Per Bolund 3 October 2014 incumbent Green
Minister for Public Administration Ardalan Shekarabi 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Ministry of Education and Research [14]
Minister for Education Gustav Fridolin 3 October 2014 incumbent Green
Minister for Upper Secondary School and Adult Education and Training Aida Hadžialić 3 October 2014 August 13, 2016 Democratic Social
Anna Ekström September 13, 2016 incumbent Democratic Social
Minister for Higher Education and Research Helene Hellmark Knutsson 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Ministry of the Environment [7]
Minister for the Climate and the Environment Åsa Romson 3 October 2014 May 25, 2016 Green
Minister for the Environment Karolina Skog May 25, 2016 incumbent Green
Minister for Energy Ibrahim Baylan 3 October 2014 May 25, 2016 Democratic Social
Ministry of Enterprise [15]
Minister for Enterprise and Innovation Mikael Damberg 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Minister for Housing and Urban Development
Minister for Digitalization
Mehmet Kaplan 3 October 2014 18 April 2016 Green
Per Bolund (Interim) 18 April 2016 May 25, 2016 Green
Minister for Housing
Minister for Digital Development
Peter Eriksson May 25, 2016 incumbent Green
Minister for Infrastructure Anna Johansson 3 October 2014 27 July 2017 Democratic Social
Tomas Eneroth 27 July 2017 incumbent Democratic Social
Minister for Rural Affairs Sven-Erik Bucht 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social
Ministry of Culture [16]
Minister for Culture and Democracy Alice Bah Kuhnke 3 October 2014 incumbent Green
Ministry of Employment [17]
Minister for Employment Ylva Johansson 3 October 2014 incumbent Democratic Social

 

Former cabinets

Each appointment of a Prime Minister is considered to be a new cabinet, irrespective if the Prime Minister is reappointed or not. However, there is no automatic resignation following a defeat in a general election , so an election does not always result in a new firm.

Government offices

Chancellery House ( Swedish : Kanslihuset ) Was the seat of the Government Offices up to 1981 and the ict Housed predecessor, the Royal Chancery, dating back to the days of the Royal Palace fire in 1697 . [18]

The Central Post Office Building , houses the Ministry of Enterprise .

Previously Known As the Royal Chancery ( Swedish : Kunglig Majestäts kansli ), the Name Was changed to the Government Offices ( Swedish : Regeringskansliet ) on 1 January 1975 with the current instrument of government Reviews entering into effect. [19]

The Instrument of Government briefly mentions in Chapter 7, Article 1 which is a staff organization supporting the Government known to the Government Offices. The present organizational charter for the Government Offices is found in the ordinance named Förordning (1996: 1515) Instruktion med för Regeringskansliet . Since the issuance of that ordinance in 1996, all the ministries are technically under the Government Offices (headed by the Prime Minister ), rather than as separate organizations even though they operate as such. Below is a short summary of the current structure. [20]

List of Government ministries and offices

Only current ministries and offices are listed below: [21]

  • Government Offices ( Swedish : Regeringskansliet )
    • Prime Minister’s Office ( Swedish : Statsrådsberedningen )
    • Ministry of Justice ( Swedish : Justitiedepartementet )
    • Ministry for Foreign Affairs ( Swedish : Utrikesdepartementet )
    • Ministry of Defense ( Swedish : Försvarsdepartementet )
    • Ministry of Health and Social Affairs ( Swedish : Socialdepartementet )
    • Ministry of Finance ( Swedish : Finansdepartementet )
    • Ministry of Education and Research ( Swedish : Utbildningsdepartementet )
    • Ministry of the Environment and Energy ( Swedish : Miljö-och energidepartementet )
    • Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation ( Swedish : Näringsdepartementet )
    • Ministry of Culture ( Swedish : Kulturdepartementet )
    • Ministry of Employment ( Swedish : Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet )
  • Other offices:
    • Office for Administrative Affairs ( Swedish : Förvaltningsavdelningen )
    • Permanent Representation of Sweden to the EU ( Swedish : Sveriges ständiga representation vid Europeiska unionen )

See also

  • County Administrative Boards of Sweden
  • Economy of Sweden
  • Elections in Sweden
  • Government Agencies in Sweden
  • History of Sweden
  • Municipalities of Sweden
  • Politics of Sweden
  • Principle of Public Access
  • Referendums in Sweden
  • Royal Court of Sweden
  • State Secretary (Sweden)
  • State-owned enterprises of Sweden
  • Statens Offentliga utredningar
  • Swedish Code of Statutes
  • Preparatory work

References

  1. Jump up^ “Treaty between Sweden and Hong Kong” . The Riksdag . Retrieved 2016-05-01 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:g “The instrument of government (as of 2012)” (PDF) . The Riksdag . Retrieved 2014-01-27 .
  3. Jump up^ “The Head of State” . Government of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2014-02-25 . Retrieved 2014-02-22 .
  4. Jump up^ “The Swedish Government Offices – a historical perspective” . Government Offices of Sweden . Archived from the original on 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-10-24 .
  5. Jump up^ “The Swedish courts” . Domstolsverket . Retrieved 2014-11-09 .
  6. Jump up^ “Lag (1976: 633) om kungörande av lagar och andra författningar” (in Swedish). Notisum . Retrieved 2014-01-27 .
  7. ^ Jump up to:b “Contact the Ministry of the Environment” . Archived from the original on 6 October 2014 . Retrieved 5 October 2014 .
  8. Jump up^ “Prime Minister’s Office” . Archived from the original on 26 October 2012 . Retrieved 13 October 2014 .
  9. Jump up^ “Contact the Ministry of Justice” . Retrieved 5 October 2014 .
  10. Jump up^ “Margot Wallström and Isabella Lövin welcomed to the Ministry” . Retrieved 5 October 2014 .
  11. Jump up^ “Ministry of Defense” . Archived from the original on 6 October 2014 . Retrieved 5 October 2014 .
  12. Jump up^ “Ministry of Health and Social Affairs” . Retrieved 5 October 2014 .
  13. Jump up^ “Ministry of Finance” . Retrieved 5 October 2014 .
  14. Jump up^ “Contact the Ministry of Education and Research” . Retrieved 5 October2014 .
  15. Jump up^ “Ministry of Enterprise” . Retrieved 5 October 2014 .
  16. Jump up^ “Contact the Ministry of Culture” . Retrieved 5 October 2014 .
  17. Jump up^ “Contact the Ministry of Employment”. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  18. Jump up^ “Premises of the Government Offices” . Government Offices of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2014-10-24 . Retrieved 2014-10-24 .
  19. Jump up^ “History of the Government Offices” . The Riksdag . Archived from the original on 2014-10-24 . Retrieved 2014-10-24 .
  20. Jump up^ “Förordning (1996: 1515) med instruktion för Regeringskansliet” (in Swedish). Swedish Code of Statutes . Retrieved 2014-01-27 .
  21. Jump up^ “Government and ministries” . Government Offices of Sweden . Retrieved 2014-10-24 .

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