Government of Hungary

The Government of Hungary ( Hungarian : Hungary Government ) exercises executive power in Hungary . [1] It is led by the Prime Minister and is composed of various ministers. [2] It is the main body of public administration. The Prime Minister ( Prime Minister ) is Elected by the National Assembly and serves as the head of government and exercises executive power. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party with the most seats in parliament. The Prime Minister selects cabinet ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them. Cabinet nominees must appear before consultative open hearings before one or more parliamentary committees , survive a vote in the National Assembly, and be formally approved by the President. The cabinet is responsible to the parliament .

Since the fall of communism, Hungary has a multi-party system . The last Hungarian parliamentary election took place on 6 April 2014. [3] This parliamentary election was the 7th since the 1990 first multi-party election . The result was a victory for the Fidesz – KDNP alliance, preserving its two-thirds majority with Viktor Orbán remaining Prime Minister. [4] It was the first election of the new Constitution of Hungary which entered into force on 1 January 2012. The new electoral law also came into force on that day. The voters elected 199 MPs instead of previous 386 lawmakers. [5] [6]

List of cabinets since 1989:

Governments of Hungary
Name of Government Duration of Government Prime minister Parties Involved
Nemeth October 23, 1989 – May 23, 1990 Miklós Németh (MSZP) Socialist Party
Antall May 23, 1990 – December 12, 1993 József Antall (MDF) MDF , FKgP , KDNP
boross December 12, 1993 – December 21, 1993 Péter Boross (MDF) MDF, EKgP , KDNP
December 21, 1990 – July 15, 1994
Horn July 15, 1994 – July 6, 1998 Gyula Horn (MSZP) MSZP, SZDSZ
Orbán I July 6, 1998 – May 27, 2002 Viktor Orbán (Fidesz) Fidesz , FKgP, MDF
Medgyessy May 27, 2002 – September 29, 2004 Peter Medgyessy (Ind.) MSZP, SZDSZ
Gyurcsány I September 29, 2004 – June 9, 2006 Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP)
Gyurcsány II June 9, 2006 – April 14, 2009 Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP) MSZP, SZDSZ
Bajnai April 14, 2009 – May 29, 2010 Gordon Bajnai (Ind.) Socialist Party
Orbán II May 29, 2010 – June 6, 2014 Viktor Orbán (Fidesz) Fidesz, KDNP
Orbán III June 6, 2014 – Viktor Orbán (Fidesz) Fidesz, KDNP
Notes
Traditional colors
Hungarian Socialist Party ( Hungarian Socialist Party , MSZP)
Hungarian Democratic Forum ( Hungarian Democratic Forum , MDF)
Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party ( Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party , FKgP)
United Smallholders’ Party ( United Smallholders Historical and Civic Party , EKgP)
Christian Democratic People’s Party ( Christian Democratic People’s Party , Christian Democratic)
Alliance of Free Democrats ( Alliance of Free Democrats , SZDSZ)
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance ( Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance , Fidesz)
.

 

Current government

Main articles: Third Orban Government and Hungarian parliamentary elections, 2014

Following the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2014 , the current prime minister, Viktor Orban, is serving with his government since 6 June 2014.

name Office Party Period
Viktor Orbán Prime Minister Fidesz 06.06.2014 –
Zsolt Semjén Deputy Prime Minister
without portfolio for National Politics
Christian Democratic 06.06.2014 –
János Lázár Minister of the Prime Minister’s Office Fidesz 06.06.2014 –
Antal Rogán Minister of the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Office Fidesz 07.10.2015 –
Tibor Navracsics Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fidesz 06.06.2014 – 22.09.2014
Péter Szijjártó Fidesz 23.09.2014 –
Sándor Pintér Ministry of Interior Independent 06.06.2014 –
László Trócsányi Minister of Justice Independent 06.06.2014 –
Mihály Varga Minister of National Economy Fidesz 06.06.2014 –
Zoltán Balog Minister of Human Resources Fidesz 06.06.2014 –
Miklós Seszták Minister of National Development Christian Democratic 06.06.2014 –
Alexander Pottery Minister of Agriculture Fidesz 06.06.2014 –
Csaba Hende Minister of Defense Fidesz 06.06.2014 – 07.09.2015
István Simicsko Christian Democratic 10.09.2015 –

Government history, since 1990

Prime ministers

Minister of the Interior

The Minister of Interior of Hungary ( Hungarian : Hungary Interior Minister ) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Interior. The current foreign minister is Sándor Pintér . Between 2006 and 2010 the ministry was split into the Ministry of Local Government and the Ministry of Justice and Law. In 2010 the previous organization was restored.

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Balázs Horváth 23.05.1990 – 21.12.1990 MDF Antall
Peter Boross 21.12.1990 – 21.12.1993 MDF
Imre Konya 21.12.1993 – 15.07.1994 MDF boross
Gábor Kuncze 15.07.1994 – 06.07.1998 SZDSZ Horn
Sándor Pintér 06.07.1998 – 27.05.2002 Independent Orbán I
Mónika Lamperth 27.05.2002 – 09.06.2006 Socialist Party Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
Sándor Pintér 29.05.2010 – Independent Orbán II , Orbán III
Ministry of Local Government (2006-2010)
Minister In office Party Cabinet
Mónika Lamperth 09.06.2006 – 30.06.2007 Socialist Party Gyurcsány II
Gordon Bajnai 30.06.2007 – 30.04.2008 Independent
István Gyenesei 30.04.2008 – 14.04.2009 Somogy
Zoltán Varga 14.04.2009 – 29.05.2010 Socialist Party Bajnai
Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement (2006-2010)
Minister In office Party Cabinet
József Petrétei 09.06.2006 – 31.05.2007 Independent Gyurcsány II
Albert Takács 01.06.2007 – 17.02.2008 Independent
Tibor Draskovics 18.02.2008 – 14.12.2009 Independent Gyurcsány II, Bajnai
Imre Forgács 14.12.2009 – 29.05.2010 Independent Bajnai

Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary ( Hungarian : Hungary’s Foreign Minister ) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The current foreign minister is Péter Szijjártó .

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Géza Jeszenszky 23.05.1990 – 15.07.1994 MDF Antall, Boross
László Kovács 15.07.1994 – 08.07.1998 Socialist Party Horn
John Martonyi 08.07.1998 – 27.05.2002 Independent Orbán I
László Kovács 27.05.2002 – 01.11.2004 Socialist Party Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
Ferenc Somogyi 01.11.2004 – 09.06.2006 Independent Gyurcsány I
Kinga Göncz 09.06.2006 – 14.04.2009 Independent Gyurcsány II
Balázs Péter 14.04.2009 – 29.05.2010 Independent Bajnai
John Martonyi 29.05.2010 – 06.06.2014 Fidesz Orbán II
Tibor Navracsics 06.06.2014 – 23.09.2014 Fidesz Orbán III
Péter Szijjártó 23.09.2014 – Fidesz

Minister of National Economy

The Minister of National Economy of Hungary ( Hungarian : Hungary economy minister ) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of National Economy . The current minister of national economy is Mihály Varga .

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Minister of Finance
Ferenc Rabár 23.05.1990 – 19.12.1990 Independent Antall
Mihály Kupa 20.12.1990 – 11.02.1993 MDF
Szabó Iván 24.02.1993 – 15.07.1994 MDF Antall, Boross
László Békesi 15.07.1994 – 28.02.1995 Socialist Party Horn
Lajos Bokros 01.03.1995 – 29.02.1996 Socialist Party
Peter Medgyessy 01.03.1996 – 07.07.1998 Independent
Zsigmond Járai 08.07.1998 – 31.12.2000 Fidesz Orbán I
Mihály Varga 01.01.2001 – 27.05.2002 Fidesz
László Csaba 27.05.2002 – 15.02.2004 Socialist Party Medgyessy
Tibor Draskovics 15.02.2004 – 24.04.2005 Independent Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
John Veres 24.04.2005 – 16.04.2009 Socialist Party Gyurcsány I, Gyurcsány II
Oszkó Péter 16.04.2009 – 29.05.2010 Independent Bajnai
Minister of National Economy
György Matolcsy 29.05.2010 – 03.03.2013 Fidesz Orbán II
Mihály Varga 03.03.2013 – Fidesz Orbán II, Orbán III

References

  1. Jump up^ “Website of the Government of Hungary” . Government of Hungary . Retrieved December 8, 2014 .
  2. Jump up^ Fundamental Law of Hungary (Article 15)
  3. Jump up^ “Set the date of 2014 election for April 6” . 18 January 2014 . Retrieved 18 January 2014 .
  4. Jump up^ “Hungary elections: PM Viktor Orban heads for victory” . bbc .
  5. Jump up^ Act No. CCIII of 2011 on the election of parliamentary representatives. law. In: Magyar Közlöny. No. 165, pp. 41095-41099. p.
  6. Jump up^ “The new electoral law will enter into force” . Magyar Nemzet (in Hungarian). 29 December 2011 . Retrieved 2 January 2012 .

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