Government of Croatia

The Government of Croatia ( Croatian : Vlada Hrvatske ) Formally the Government of the Republic of Croatia ( Croatian : Vlada Republike Hrvatske ) Commonly abbreviated to Croatian Government ( Croatian : Hrvatska Vlada ) is the main executive branch of government in Croatia . It is led by the President of the Government ( Croatian : Predsjednik Vlade ), informally abbreviated to first ( Croatian : Premijer ) goldprime minister . The prime minister is Nominated by the President of the Republic from candidates Among Those Who enjoy majorité carrier in the Croatian Parliament ; the candidate is then elected by the Parliament. There are 20 other government members, serving as deputy prime ministers , government ministers or both; they are chosen by the Prime Minister and confirmed by the Parliament (Sabor). The Government of the Republic of Croatia has its powers in conformity with the Croatian Constitution and legislation enacted by the Croatian Parliament. The current government is led by Prime Minister Andrej Plenković .

Following the Croatian-Hungarian Settlement of 1868, the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia and the Government of the Land or officially the Royal Croatian-Slavonian-Dalmatian Government of the Land ( Croatian : Zemaljska vlada or Kraljevska hrvatsko-slavonsko-dalmatinska zemaljska vlada ) – headed by a crown-appointed ban -were established. This government existed until the Austrian -Hungary breakup and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes ‘ creation in 1918. In 1939, the Banovina of Croatiawas established and a head of the Banovina of Croatia (Ban) was appointed by the crown, but no effective government was formed before World War II . In 1943, the ZAVNOH established an executive board to act as a new government. Communist Croatia , while a part of Communist Yugoslavia , had a separate government (from 1953 to 1990 known to the Executive Council, appointed by the Sabor) with limited powers . Following the first multi-party elections and the adoption of the present Constitution of Croatia in 1990, the present governmental form was adopted and Stjepan Mesićbecame the first person to hold the title of Prime Minister of Croatia (with Croatia as part of Yugoslavia ), while Franjo Gregurić was the first prime minister of an independent Croatia. Since Communist rule’s end , the Republic of Croatia has had twelve governments headed by ten different prime ministers. Eight governments have been formed by the Croatian Democratic Union , the Social Democratic Party of Croatia and formed a national unity government (formed during the Croatian War of Independence ‘s peak).

Terminology

The term “Government” in Croatia ( Vlada ) refers to the executive branch , as used by the government itself, the press and colloquially, as the branch of government ( vlast ) is responsible for the day-to-day governance of the nation ( uprava ); this sense is intended when it is said that a political party forms the Government. [1] [2] [3] At its widest, the term Croatian Government can refer to all three traditional branches of government, including the legislative branch(the Sabor ) and judicial branch (the Judiciary of Croatia), which are part of the state of Croatia . quote needed ]

Governmental structure and powers

The Government, the chief executive power of the Croatian state, is headed by the prime minister (PM). The PM currently has four deputies (elected by the Croatian Parliament ), who also serve as government ministers; There are 16 other ministers , who are appointed by the prime minister with the approval of the Sabor (by absolute majority vote). The government Ministers are in Each load of a sector of activity Particular Such As Foreign Affairs. The prime minister and the deputies form an inner cabinet, tasked with coordinating and supervising the work of government ministers on behalf of the PM; the cabinet of the minister of the interior and the remaining ministers. The first deputy prime minister also discharges the duties of the prime minister when the latter is incapacitated or absent. [4] State secretaries ( Croatian : državni tajnici) are the highest hon. There are one or more State secretaries in the ministries. Each State Secretary is appointed by the Government for the term of the Minister, and is responsible to the Minister. They act as deputy ministers and expects Government meetings only exceptionally. State secretaries are also heads of the Central State Offices (see below).

The executive branch is responsible for proposing legislation and a budget, executing the laws and guiding the foreign and internal policies of the republic. The government’s official residence is at the Banski dvori in Zagreb . [5] Although the office normally meets the Banski dvori, its meetings are held elsewhere in the country. [6]

The Government of the Republic of Croatia has its powers in conformity with the Croatian Constitution and Legislation enacted by the Croatian Parliament, the Sabor ( Croatian : Hrvatski sabor). Its structure, operational procedures and decision-making processes are defined by the Government of the Republic of Croatia (2011 with 2014 and 2016 amendments) and the Government Rules of Procedure (2015 with 2015 amendments). The Constitution mandates que le Gouvernement proposed legislation and other materials to the parliament, the proposed budget and financial reports Gives, implements Acts and other decisions of the parliament, enacts Any regulations required to Implement the Acts, olefins foreignand direct and indirect policies, the operation of state administration, the development of the country, and the provision of services and services. The Government also administers and administers the appointments and removals of officials and civil servants within the scope of its powers. Furthermore, the Government Makes rulings in cases of conflicts of jurisdiction entre Governmental institutions Responds to questions asked majorité parliamentary opposition and Representatives, [7]and the adoption of new legislation and other regulations and the adoption of strategies for the economic and social development of the country. [8] [9]

The Government marriages state property of the Republic of Croatia Provides Otherwise UNLESS special legislation. It may be added to special committees to manage the property on its behalf; this process is Implemented through appointed members of supervisory boards and managing boards of companies Partially gold Wholly Owned by the Republic of Croatia. (The Government of Canada). The Government of the United States, the Office of the Minister for Human Rights and the Rights of National Minorities and Public Relations. 2011, as well as committees to decide administrative matters. Various branches of government may establish joint services.[8] There are more entities established by the government to support the aims of the Government, such as the Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which is designed to supportthe reconstruction and development of the economy of Croatia . [10]

Local ( city / municipality ) and regional ( county ) governments are separate from the central government; The latter maintains a State Administration Office in each county under the Ministry of Public Administration. [11]

The Government is responsible for the Croatian Parliament; the parliament may recall the Government as a whole or any member of the Government in particular by an absolute majorityvote (majority of all MPs) following the request for a vote by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister and other members of the Government are responsible for decisions passed by the Government and are responsible for their respective portfolios (areas of responsibility). The President of the Republic appoints the prime minister, who must then secure a vote of confidence from the Croatian Parliament (majority of all MPs); the appointment is therefore counter-signed by the speaker of the parliament to signify this. Appointments of members of the Government are made by the Prime Minister with the approval of the Croatian Parliament (again signified via a counter-signature by the speaker of the parliament).Narodne Novine – the official gazette of Croatia-to be binding. [8] [9]

Government, state and public offices and agencies

[ show ]Offices of the Croatian Government [A] [12]
[ show ]Central State Administrative Offices [B] [15]
[ show ]State Administration Bodies [C] [16] [17]
[ show ]Public Sector Bodies [D] [17] [25]

Government operations

Government meetings are public; However, the government may decide to close any part of its sessions (or entire sessions) to the public. The Prime Minister may authorize any deputy to represent the PM and other than any other task assigned to the PM. The quorum for government sessions is a majority of government members. Most decisions are reached by a single majority vote; a two-Thirds majorité vote is required for decisions about exchange to the Croatian Constitution, uniting with other states or Transferring Any share of Croatian sovereignty to supranational organizations , exchange to Croatian borders, dissolution of the parliament, or calling a referendum . [8]

The prime minister and the PM’s deputies. The core cabinet may act as the government in emergencies when the government is unable to meet; however, its decisions must be verified to the next government session to remain in force. The Government Secretary , Agencies and Other Services subordinated to the Government. [8]

Current government

Main articles: Cabinet of Andrej Plenković and Croatian parliamentary election, 2016

Since 10 October 2016, Andrej Plenković has been President of the Government . There are four deputy prime ministers: Davor Ivo Stier , Martina Dalić , Damir Krstičević and Predrag Štromar . The Government Ministers are from the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and the Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST), with three of ’em being white independent politicians.

List of Ministers

portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister’s Office
Prime Minister Andrej Plenković 19 October 2016 HDZ
Deputy Prime Ministers
Minister of Foreign and European Affairs Marija Pejčinović Burić June 19, 2017 HDZ
Ministry of Economy, Entrepreneurship and Crafts Martina Dalić 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Defense Damir Krstičević 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Construction and Spatial Planning Predrag Štromar 9 June 2017 HNS
Ministers
Minister of Public Administration Lovro Kuščević 9 June 2017 HDZ
Minister of the Interior Davor Božinović 9 June 2017 HDZ
Minister of Justice Dražen Bošnjaković 9 June 2017 HDZ
Minister of Finance Zdravko Marić 19 October 2016 Ind.
Minister of Agriculture Tomislav Tolušić 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Regional Development and EU funds Gabrijela Žalac 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Environmental Protection and Energy Tomislav Ćorić 9 June 2017 HDZ
Minister of Maritime Affairs, Transportation and Infrastructure Oleg Butković 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Labor and Pension System Marko Pavić 9 June 2017 HDZ
Minister of Health Milan Kujundžić 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Demography, Families, Youth and Social Politics Nada Murganić 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Croatian Veterans Tomo Medved 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Science and Education Blaženka Divjak 9 June 2017 Ind.
Minister of Culture Nina Obuljen Koržinek 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of Tourism Gari Cappelli 19 October 2016 HDZ
Minister of State Property Goran Marić November 15, 2016 HDZ

Government history

Short-lived Croatian Royal Council (1767-79), appointed by Queen Maria Theresia , was a central authority administering economic, political and military matters in Kindgdom of Croatia . [47]Ban ‘s Council ( Croatian : Bansko vijeće ) of 1848-1850 was the first executive council established in Croatia. It acted as an administrative body governing Croatia (and Slavonia) within the Austrian Empire as a government, later to be replaced by the Ban’s Government (1850 – 1854), Royal Lieutenancy for Croatia and Slavonia (1854 – 1861), and Royal Lieutenancy Council (1861 – 1868) in Zagreb (with Royal Croatian – Slavonian – Dalmatian Chancellery in Vienna, 1862 – 1868). [48]

Following the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and the subsequent Croatian-Hungarian Settlement of 1868, the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia was established, along with the Government of the Land, officially the Royal Croatian-Slavonian-Dalmatian Government of the Land ( Croatian : Zemaljska vlada or Kraljevska hrvatsko-slavonsko-dalmatinska zemaljska vlada) headed by a crown-appointed ban. Ban Levin Rauch . [49] [50] This government continues to break up Austria-Hungary and createKingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918. In total, 15 Bans acted as heads of the government in this period. [51] The Royal Croatian-Slavonian-Dalmatian Government was not a parliamentary government , as its cabinet ministers and its head ( Ban ) were not appointed by the Croatian Parliament ( Sabor ), but by Hungarian-Croatian government in Budapest.

In the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , the Cvetković-Maček Agreement was made in 1939; it established the Banovina of Croatia and Ivan Šubašić was appointed as the Croatian Government (Ban’s Government, Croatian : Banska vlast ). [52] Still, an effective government was not formed before the onset of World War II . [53]

In June 1943, the National Anti-Fascist Council of the People’s Liberation of Croatia ( ZAVNOH ) established an 11-member Executive Board to act as the new government of Croatia. [54] The first People’s Government of the Federal State of Croatia (led by Vladimir Bakarić ) was founded at the extraordinary session of the National Anti-Fascist Council of the People’s Liberation of Croatia ( ZAVNOH ), which was held on April 14, 1945 in Split.

People’s Republic of Croatia , from 1963 Socialist Republic of Croatia , part of Yugoslavia , maintained its own government (of limited powers, exclusive defense and foreign relations). The government was appointed by and responsible to the Sabor . During the Communist era, there were 14 governments of Croatia. From 1953 to 1990 the official name of the government was the Executive Council of the Sabor ( Croatian : Izvršno vijeće Sabora ). [55]

Following the parliamentary elections and the adoption of the present Constitution of Croatia in 1990, the present form of government was begun. On 30 May 1990, Stjepan Mesić became Prime Minister of Croatia, and Franjo Gregurić was the first prime minister of an independent Croatia , when he held the office on 8 October 1991 effect. [56] [57]

List of governments of the Republic of Croatia

See also: Prime Minister of Croatia and List of Cabinets of Croatia

Since 30 May 1990, the Republic of Croatia has had a total of twelve governments headed by ten different prime ministers. The prime minister in the first government after the first multi-party election was Stjepan Mesić, who would later go on to become the President of Croatia . This government was formed by the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), as were seven other governments of Croatia. Three governments have been formed by the Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP), and one was a national unity government (formed a wide coalition of political parties) formed during the Croatian War of Independence’s peak, between July 1991 and August 1992, with Franjo Gregurić as prime minister. [56]

Assumed office Prime Minister (Leading) Party in Office office
May 30, 1990 Stjepan Mesić Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Stjepan Mesić
August 24, 1990 Josip Manolić Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Josip Manolić
17 July 1991 Franjo Gregurić National unity government Cabinet of Franjo Gregurić
August 12, 1992 Hrvoje Šarinić Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Hrvoje Šarinić
3 April 1993 Nikica Valentić Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Nikica Valentić
November 7, 1995 Zlatko Mateša Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Zlatko Mateša
27 January 2000 Ivica Račan Social Democratic Party of Croatia Cabinet of Ivica Račan I
30 July 2002 Ivica Račan Social Democratic Party of Croatia Cabinet of Ivica Račan II
23 December 2003 Ivo Sanader Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Ivo Sanader I
12 January 2008 Ivo Sanader Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Ivo Sanader II
6 July 2009 Jadranka Kosor Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Jadranka Kosor
23 December 2011 Zoran Milanović Social Democratic Party of Croatia Cabinet of Zoran Milanović
22 January 2016 Tihomir Orešković Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Tihomir Orešković
19 October 2016 Andrej Plenković Croatian Democratic Union Cabinet of Andrej Plenković
Sources: Croatian Government; [56] HIDRA. [58]

See also

  • Elections in Croatia

Notes

  1. Jump up^ These are supporting offices of (services for) the cabinet; Head of the Office (Director).
  2. Jump up^ These support the central government as a whole in terms of strategy coordination and infrastructure; each is headed by aState Secretary.
  3. Jump up^ In general, these supervise other government bodies such as the Public Sector Bodies (below); Each is headed by aDirectorof the Office / Office / Directorate.
  4. Jump up^ These are public sector organizations Established for various tasks.

References

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  31. Jump up^ “Croatian Standards Institute” . Croatian Standards Institute . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  32. Jump up^ “O nama” [About us] (in Croatian). Croatian Pension Insurance Institute . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  33. Jump up^ “Vision & Mission” . Hydrographic Institute of the Republic of Croatia . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  34. Jump up^ “Mine action in Croatia” . Croatian Mine Action Center . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  35. Jump up^ “About us” . Croatian Accreditation Agency . Retrieved 14 November2011 .
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  38. Jump up^ “Mission, Vision” . Croatian Agency for Small Business . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
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  40. Jump up^ “About us” . Financial Agency . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  41. Jump up^ “Insurance Deposit and Bank Relationship Sector” . State Agency for Deposit Insurance and Bank Rehabilitation . Retrieved 8 March 2012 .
  42. Jump up^ “Human Rights Center” . State Agency for Deposit Insurance and Bank Rehabilitation . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  43. Jump up^ “Mission” . Croatian Competition Agency . Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  44. Jump up^ “About the Agency” . Personal Data Protection Agency . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  45. Jump up^ “Djelatnost APN-a” [Activities of the Agency] (in Croatian). Agency for Transactions and Mediation in Immovable Properties . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  46. Jump up^ “Scope of authorities and responsibilities” . State Audit Office . Retrieved 14 November 2011 .
  47. Jump up^ Goldstein, Ivo (1999) Croatia: A History. McGill-Queen’s Press – MQUP,p.52
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  49. Jump up^ Ladislav Heka (October 2008). “Hrvatsko-ugarski odnosi od sredinjega vijeka do nagodbe iz 1868. s posebnim osvrtom na pitanja Slavonije”[Croatian-Hungarian relations from the Middle Ages to the Compromise of 1868, with a special survey of the Slavonian issue]. Scrinia Slavonica (in Croatian). Hrvatski institute za povijest – Podružnica za povijest Slavonije, Srijema i Baranje. 8 (1): 152-173. ISSN  1332-4853 . Retrieved 16 October2011 .
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  52. Jump up^ Matjaž Klemenčič; Mitja Žagar (2004). The former Yugoslavia’s various peoples: a reference sourcebook . ABC-CLIO . pp. 121-123. ISBN  978-1-57607-294-3 . Retrieved 17 October 2011 .
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  55. Jump up^ Budislav Vukas, ml. (December 2006). “Prijedlozi i nacrti konfederalizacije Jugoslavije 1990./91 – posljednji pokušaji” spašavanja “zajedničke države” [Proposals and Drafts for Confederalisation of Yugoslavia in 1990/1991 – the Last Attempts to Salvage the Common State]. Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta Sveucilišta u Rijeci (in Croatian). University of Rijeka , Faculty of Law. 27 (2): 761-803. ISSN  1330-349X .
  56. ^ Jump up to:c “Prethodne vlade RH” [Previous governments of the Republic of Croatia] (in Croatian). Croatian Government. Archived from the original on 23 November 2011 . Retrieved 10 November 2011 .
  57. Jump up^ “Ceremonial session of the Croatian Parliament on the occasion of the Independence Day of the Republic of Croatia” . Official website of the Croatian Parliament . Sabor. 7 October 2004. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012 . Retrieved 29 July 2012 .
  58. Jump up^ “Kronologija Vlade” [Chronology of the Government] (in Croatian). Croatian Information-Documentation and Referral Agency – HIDRA . Retrieved 10 November 2011 .

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