Capital punishment in Europe

The death penalty has been completely abolished in all European countries except for Belarus and Russia , the latter of which has a moratorium and has not been carried out since 1999. The absolute penalty on the death penalty is enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe , and is thus considered a central value. Of all modern European countries, San Marino , Portugal and the Netherlandswere still the first to abolish capital punishment, whereas only Belarus still practices capital punishment in some form or another. In 2012, Latvia became the last Member State to abolish capital punishment in wartime. [1] Read More…

Canadian Forces Europe

Canadian Forces Europe was the Canadian Military Forces training in Europe during the Cold War . The CF assisted the NATO activities of Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union .

Canadian Forces Europe (CFE) consisted of two courses in West Germany , Canadian Forces Base Lahr , with the 4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1957-1993), and No. 1 RCAF Air Division at Canadian Forces Base Baden-Soellingen , qui est devenu later 1 Canadian Air Group. Both formations closed in the early 1990s with the end of the Cold War . Read More…

British-Irish Council

The British-Irish Council ( BIC ) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to improve collaboration between its members in a number of areas including transportation, the environment, and energy. [1] Its membership includes Ireland , the United Kingdom , the devolved governments of Northern Ireland , Scotland and Wales , and the governments of the Crown Dependencies of the UK: Guernsey , Jersey and the Isle of Man . England does not have a devolvedadministration, and as a result is not individually represented on the Council. [2] Read More…

Association of the Alpine States

The Association of Alpine States  (  Arge Alp  , German :  Arbeitsgemeinschaft Alpenländer  , Italian :  Comunita di Lavoro Regioni Alpine  ) is an association of 10 states, provinces and cantons of Austria , Germany , Italy , and Switzerland . The members are from Austria: Salzburg , Tyrol , and Vorarlberg ; from Germany: Bavaria ; from Italy: South Tyrol , Lombardy , and Trentino ; from Switzerland: Graubünden, St. Gallen and Ticino . Read More…

Arab European League

The  Arab European League  ( Dutch :  Arabic-Europese Liga  , AEL) is a Pan-Arabist  [1]  civil rights movement / organization in Belgium and the Netherlands .  [2]


AEL was founded and led by Dyab Abu Jahjah , a Lebanese-born Shi’a Muslim living in Belgium who emigrated from Lebanon in 1991 to begin university studies in Belgium.  [3]  In July 2006, Abu Jahjah returned to Lebanon allegedly to join the war of the 2006 Lebanon War on the side of Hezbollah against Israel .  quote needed  ] Read More…


Anti-Europeanism  and  Europhobia  are political terms used in a variety of contexts, implying sentiment or policies in opposition to “ Europe „.

In the context of racial or ethno-nationalist politics, this may refer to the culture or peoples of Europe (see anti-white sentiment in the United States ); In the shorthand of „Europe“ standing for the European Union or European integration , it can refer to Euroscepticism , criticism of policies of European governments or the European Union.  [1]  In the context of United States foreign policy, it can refer to the geopolitical divide between “ transatlantic „, „transpacific“ and „hemispheric“ (pan-American) relations. The nominal antonyms would be  pro-Europeanism  or  Europhilia  . clarification needed  ] Read More…

Anti-European feeling

Topics involving the concept of  anti-European sentiment  :

    • Anti-Europeanism
    • Anti-Western feeling
    • Euroscepticism in the United Kingdom
    • American exceptionalism

Read More…



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